AHSEC Class 12 English Solved Question Paper 2023 PDF - [H.S 2nd Year English Question Paper Solution 2023]

AHSEC Class 12 English Solved Question Paper 2023 PDF "Download"

AHSEC Class 12 English Solved Question Paper 2023 PDF - [H.S 2nd Year English Question Paper Solution 2023]

Are you a student preparing for the AHSEC Class 12 English exam? Searching for the AHSEC Class 12 English Solved Question Paper 2023? Look no further! In this article, we will provide you with a comprehensive overview of the AHSEC H.S 2nd Year English Solved Question Paper 2023. The Assam Higher Secondary Education Council (AHSEC) conducted this examination, making this solved question paper an invaluable resource for your exam preparation.


Overview: AHSEC Class 12 English Solved Question Paper 2023


- Board: Assam Higher Secondary Education Council (AHSEC)

- Class: 12th

- Year: 2023

- Exam Mode: Offline

- Subject: English

- Solution: AHSEC Class 12 English Solved Question Paper 2023

- Category: AHSEC Solved Question Papers

AHSEC H.S 2nd Year English Solved Question Paper 2023 "Download"


Full Marks: 100

Pass Marks:30

Time: Three hours

The figures in the margin indicate full marks for the questions.


SECTION-A


(Reading Skill-10 Marks)


1.Read the following passage carefully:


1. Air pollution is an issue which concerns us all alike. One can willingly unfortunately there is little choice for the air we breathe. All, what is there in the air is inhaled by one and all living in those surroundings.


Air pollutant is defined as a substance which is present while normally it is not there or present in an amount exceeding the normal concentrations. It could either be gaseous or a particulate matter. The important and harmful polluting gasses are carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, ozone and oxides of Sulphur and nitrogen. The common particulate pollutants are the dusts of various inorganic or organic origins. Although we often talk of the outdoor air pollution caused by industrial and vehicular exhausts, the indoor pollution may prove to be as or a more important cause of health problems.


Recognition of air pollution is relatively recent. It is not uncommon to experience a feeling of 'suffocation' in a closed environment. It is often ascribed to the lack of oxygen. Fortunately, however, the composition of air is remarkably constant all over the world. There is about 79 percent nitrogen and 21 percent oxygen in the air; the other gasses forming a very small fraction. It is true that carbon dioxide exhaled out of the lungs may accumulate in a closed and overcrowded place. But such an increase is usually small and temporary unless the room is really airtight. Exposure to poisonous gases such as carbon monoxide may occur in a closed room, heated by burning coal inside. This may also prove to be fatal.


What is more common in a poorly ventilated home is a vague constellation of symptoms described as the sick-building syndrome. It is characterized by a general feeling of malaise, headache, dizziness and irritation of mucous membranes. It may also be accompanied by nausea, itching, aches, pains and depression. Sick building syndrome is getting commoner in big cities with the small houses, which are generally over- furnished. Some of the important pollutants whose indoor concentrations exceed those of the outdoors include gasses such as carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, oxides of nitrogen and organic substances like spores, formaldehydes, hydrocarbon aerosols and allergens. The sources are attributed to a variety of construction materials, insulations, furnishings, adhesives, cosmetics, house dusts, fungi and other indoor products.


Smoking of tobacco in the closed environment is an important source of indoor pollution. It may not be high quantitatively, but significantly hazardous for health. It is because of the fact that there are over 3,000 chemical constituents in tobacco smoke, which have been identified. These are harmful for human health.


Obviously, the spectrum of pollution is very wide and our options are limited. Indoor pollution may be handled relatively easily by an individual. Moreover, the good work must start from one's own house.



On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer the following questions:


a) What is an air pollutant? 1 

Ans: An air pollutant is a substance that is not normally present in the air or is present in an amount that exceeds the normal concentrations.


b) In what forms are the air pollutants present?    2

Ans:  Air pollutants can be present in gaseous or particulate forms.


c) Why do we feel suffocated in a closed environment? 1

Ans: We feel suffocated in a closed environment because the accumulation of carbon dioxide, particularly in overcrowded and poorly ventilated spaces, can cause a lack of oxygen and lead to a feeling of suffocation.


d) What is sick building syndrome? Mention some of its major symptoms. 1+1=2

Ans: Sick building syndrome is a vague constellation of symptoms that occur as a result of indoor air pollution. Some of its major symptoms include a general feeling of malaise, headache, dizziness, irritation of mucous membranes etc.


e) How is smoking tobacco an important source of indoor air pollution ? 2

Ans: Smoking of tobacco is an important source of indoor air pollution because tobacco smoke contains over 3,000 chemical constituents, which are harmful to human health when inhaled.



f) Find a word in the passage which means "the state or process of dying from being deprived of air or unable to breathe"."  1

Ans:The word in the passage which means "the state or process of dying from being deprived of air or unable to breathe" is suffocation.


g) Give an antonym of "reject".1

Ans: An antonym of "reject" could be "accept" or "approve".


SECTION-B


(Advanced Writing Skill - 25 Marks)


2. You are Anwesha / Anirban, Director of "Scholars' Academy", an institute that provides coaching to students for appearing in various competitive examinations. Write an advertisement for publication in a newspaper. (Word Limit:50 words) 5


Ans: 


Scholars' Academy


👉Your Gateway to Success! Join our institute for expert coaching and guidance for various competitive examinations. Experienced faculty, comprehensive study material, and regular mock tests for effective preparation. Limited seats available, enroll now for assured success."



Or 



"Unlock Your Potential with Scholars' Academy"


Your Ultimate Destination for Competitive Exam Preparation! Our personalized coaching approach, top-notch study material, and advanced teaching methodology will help you achieve your goals. Join now and witness your dreams turn into reality!"




OR


Design a poster in not more than 50 words to create awareness about the need of energy conservation. 5


Ans: 


Energy Conservation 


A Small Step for You, A Giant Leap for the Environment! 

Every small action counts…


        📌Switch Off Lights, 

        📌Unplug chargers,

       📌Adjust thermostats and

       📌Use natural light. 


Make energy conservation a way of life, and protect our planet for future generations. 


Join us in our mission for a sustainable future!"




3. You attended a Book Fair in your town organized by a local NGO in which a number of reputed publication houses of the country participated. Write a detailed account of the event in 100-125 words to be published in a newspaper. 10

Ans: The Book Fair organized by a local NGO in our town was a huge success, drawing a large number of book lovers and enthusiasts from all over the city. The event saw the participation of several reputed publication houses of the country, which showcased their latest publications and bestsellers.


The fair was a delight for book lovers, who were able to browse through a wide range of books across different genres such as fiction, non-fiction, children's books, academic books, and more. The event also featured book readings, panel discussions, and workshops by renowned authors and experts, making it an engaging and informative experience for attendees.


The fair provided a platform for local authors and publishers to showcase their work and connect with readers. It also highlighted the importance of reading and the role of books in shaping our perspectives and enriching our lives.


Overall, the Book Fair was a fantastic event that brought together the book community and promoted the love of reading. The local NGO deserves commendation for organizing such a wonderful event that not only supported the publishing industry but also encouraged intellectual engagement and cultural exchange.


AHSEC Class 12 English Solved Question Paper 2023


OR


You are Jahnavi / Javed. Your school has organized a Street Play on the occasion of the International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking on June 26. Prepare a report on that event in 100-125 words to be published in your school magazine.

Ans: As a student of XYZ School, I am pleased to share a report on the Street Play organized on the occasion of the International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking on June 26.


The event was a great initiative by our school to create awareness among students and the community about the harmful effects of drug abuse and illicit trafficking. The Street Play was organized by a group of students who put up a powerful and thought-provoking performance, showcasing the devastating consequences of drug abuse on an individual's life and society as a whole.


The Street Play was well-received by the audience, comprising students, teachers, and parents. It conveyed an important message on the need to prevent drug abuse and how to seek help for those struggling with addiction. It also highlighted the role of parents and teachers in educating and guiding children on making healthy choices.


Overall, the Street Play was a great success and a reminder to us all about the importance of staying away from drugs and spreading awareness in the community. It was a powerful way to mark the International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking and promote a healthier and safer world for all.




4. Write a letter to the Manager of a bank reporting the loss of your pass-book and requesting him to issue a duplicate one.    10

Ans:


[Your Name]

[Your Address]

[City, State, Zip Code]

[Date: 20th February 2023]


[Manager's Name]

[Bank Name]

[Branch Address]

[City, State, Zip Code]


Subject: Request for Issuing Duplicate Passbook


Dear Sir/Madam,


I am writing to inform you that I have lost my passbook with account number [insert account number] of your bank. The passbook was misplaced on [insert date] and despite searching for it, I have been unable to locate it.


In this regard, I request you to kindly issue me a duplicate passbook at the earliest. I have been a loyal customer of your bank for [insert number of years] years and I trust that your esteemed bank will take prompt action in this matter.


Please let me know the necessary formalities and documentation required to obtain a duplicate passbook. I am ready to comply with all the procedures and pay the necessary charges, if any.


I would also like to request you to block my account temporarily to prevent any unauthorized transactions until I receive the new passbook. This would ensure the safety and security of my account.


Thank you for your prompt attention to this matter. I hope to hear from you soon.


Yours faithfully,

[Your Name]




OR


5.You are President of the English Literary Forum of your college. Write a formal invitation inviting Dr. D. Baruah, a noted scholar to speak on the occasion of the "World Poetry Day" to be held on March 21. 10

Ans:


[Your Name]

[Your Address]

[City, State, Zip Code]

[Date]


[Dr. D. Baruah]

[Address]

[City, State, Zip Code]


Subject: Invitation to Speak on World Poetry Day


Dear Dr. Baruah,


It is with great pleasure that I, as the President of the English Literary Forum of [Your College Name], invite you to be a guest speaker at our event to celebrate World Poetry Day on March 21.


Your reputation as a noted scholar and poet is widely known and your contributions to the world of literature have been significant. Your vast experience and knowledge would be of great value to the students and faculty of our college.


The English Literary Forum of our college is dedicated to promoting and encouraging a love for literature, and we believe that your presence and address will inspire and enrich the literary sensibilities of the attendees.


We would be honored if you could spare some time from your busy schedule to address our gathering. We are eager to hear your thoughts on the relevance and significance of poetry in today's world.


We will make all the necessary arrangements for your visit, including your travel and accommodation. Please let us know if there are any specific requirements or preferences you have in this regard.


Thank you for considering our invitation. We look forward to your reply and your presence at the event.


Yours sincerely,


[Your Name]

President, English Literary Forum

[Your College Name]







OR


Draft an application for the post of a Sports Teacher in Udayan Girls' High School, Dibrugarh in response to their advertisement that appeared in the Assam Tribune dated 10th February, 2023. Prepare a biodata to be enclosed. You are Sunil / Sunita.


[Sunil / Sunita]

[Your Address]

[City, State, Zip Code]

[Date]


To The Principal

Udayan Girls' High School

[Address]

Dibrugarh, Assam

PIN - [Insert PIN Code]


Subject: Application for the Post of Sports Teacher


Respected Sir/Madam,


I am writing this letter to apply for the post of Sports Teacher, which was advertised in the Assam Tribune dated 10th February 2023. I came to know about the job opening through the advertisement and I am very excited to apply for the same.


I am a dedicated and experienced Sports Teacher with over five years of experience in teaching physical education to students of all age groups. I have a degree in Physical Education and a B.Ed. degree in teaching. I have worked in various reputed schools in the past, where I have successfully implemented sports programs and encouraged students to participate in various sports events.


My passion for sports, combined with my teaching skills, have helped me in mentoring students and encouraging them to excel in various sports. I have experience in training students for state-level and national-level competitions in various sports, including basketball, football, and athletics. I have also organized various sports events at the school level, encouraging students to participate and showcase their skills.


I am confident that I can contribute positively to the sports department of your school and motivate students to participate in sports activities, leading to their physical and mental development. I am ready to join immediately and relocate to Dibrugarh if required.


Enclosed with this letter is my biodata, which provides further details about my education, experience, and achievements. I am looking forward to the opportunity to meet with you and discuss how I can contribute to your esteemed institution.


Thank you for your time and consideration.


Yours sincerely,

Sunil / Sunita


_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 


 Biodata


Name: Sunil / Sunita

Address: [Your Address]

City: [Your City]

State: [Your State]

PIN: [Your PIN Code]

Email: [Your Email Address]

Phone: [Your Phone Number]


Educational Qualifications:


Bachelor's Degree in Physical Education from [Name of University], [Year of Passing]

Bachelor of Education (B.Ed) from [Name of University], [Year of Passing]

Diploma in Sports Management from [Name of Institute], [Year of Passing]


Work Experience:


  • Sports Teacher at [Name of School], [City] from [Year] to [Year]

  • Physical Education Teacher at [Name of School], [City] from [Year] to [Year]

  • Sports Coach at [Name of Sports Academy], [City] from [Year] to [Year]


Skills:


  • Excellent knowledge of various sports, including basketball, football, and athletics.

  • Ability to train and mentor students in sports.

  • Good communication and interpersonal skills.

  • Organizational and managerial skills to organize sports events and competitions.

  • Ability to work in a team and lead students to achieve their goals.


Achievements:


  1. Trained students for state-level and national-level competitions in various sports.

  2. Organized successful sports events at the school level, including inter-school and intra-school competitions.

  3. Received the "Best Sports Teacher" award at [Name of School], [Year].


References: Available on request.


_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 




SECTION-C

(Grammar -20 Marks)


6.Change the form of the narration of any two of the following sentences: 2x2=4

(a) The gentleman said to the salesman, "What is the price of this Dictionary?" The salesman said to him, "It is a bit expensive. But y can give it to you at a 10 percent discount".

Ans: The salesman was asked by the gentleman about the price of the Dictionary. In response, he informed the gentleman that it was a bit expensive but he could offer a 10 percent discount to him.


(b) I asked the old lady where Professor Sarmah lived. The lady replied regretfully that she didn't know.

Ans: The old lady was asked by me about the place of residence of Professor Sarmah. In response, she regretfully replied that she didn't know.


(c) The girl said to the teacher, "Madam, I am weak in English and seek your advice." The teacher said, "Read the text thoroughly and try to express your ideas in simple correct English."

Ans: The teacher was told by the girl that she was weak in English and sought her advice. The teacher advised her to read the text thoroughly and try to express her ideas in simple and correct English.


(d) "Let's buy some milk and prepare milkshake for us", said Aruna. "The milkshake we're drinking now is utterly tasteless."

Ans: Aruna suggested buying some milk and preparing milkshake as the milkshake they were drinking was utterly tasteless.




6.Change the voice of any three of the following sentences: 1x3=3


(a) He was instructed by his coach to play that shot.

Ans: His coach instructed him to play that shot

(b) Please give me some more time. 

Ans: Some more time is requested by me. 

(c) Is the gardener watering the plants?

Ans: Are the plants being watered by the gardener?

(d) Rome was not built in a day.

Ans: They did not build Rome in one day.

(e) The girl is reading a novel. 

Ans:A novel is being read by the girl.

(f) I saw a road accident yesterday.

Ans : A road accident was seen by me yesterday.



7.Rewrite any five of the following sentences using the verbs given in brackets in their correct tense forms:  1x5=5


  1. This family (live) in this place since 1970.

  2. She (go) home when we met her.

  3. We reached the stadium after the match (start). 

  4. Ice (float) on water.

  5. If I (be) you, I would not do that.

  6. He suddenly realized that he (leave) the bag in the bus.

  7. We already (have) breakfast.

Ans: 

  1. This family has been living in this place since 1970. (Present perfect continuous tense of 'live')

  2. She was going home when we met her. (Past continuous tense of 'go')

  3. We reached the stadium after the match had started. (Past perfect tense of 'start')

  4. Ice floats on water. (Simple present tense of 'float')

  5. If I were you, I would not do that. (Past subjunctive form of 'be')

  6. He suddenly realized that he had left the bag in the bus. (Past perfect tense of 'leave')

  7. We have already had breakfast. (Present perfect tense of 'have')


8.Rewrite any four of the following sentences filling in the blanks with appropriate prepositions : 1x4=4


  1. They will come here in a month.

  2. I am sorry for what I have done.

  3. She usually falls off her bicycle.

  4. He is taller than you by three inches.

  5. I am not satisfied with my performance.

  6. The police ran after the thief.


9.Rewrite any four of the following sentences as directed: 1x4=4


(a) This fact is too evident to require any proof.

(Use 'so...that' instead of 'too...to')


Answer: This fact is so evident that it does not require any proof.


(b) I shall remember your help forever.

(Make it negative without changing the meaning)


Answer: I shall not forget your help.


(c) Having completed her project here she returned to her native country.

(Change it into a complex sentence)


Answer: Since she had completed her project here, she returned to her native country.


(d) She is the tallest girl in the classroom.

(Change it into comparative degree)


Answer: She is taller than any other girl in the classroom.


(e) No one can do this.

(Make it interrogative)


Answer: Can anyone do this?


(f) There is a slight difference between the two shades.

(Rewrite the sentence by using the adjective form of 'difference')


Answer: The two shades are slightly different.


(g) As he was ill, he could not appear in the examination.

(Change it into a simple sentence)


Answer: He could not appear in the examination due to his illness.



SECTION-D


(Textbooks 45 Marks)


10. Read the following extracts and the questions that follow:


(a) "But soon 

put that thought away and looked out at Young 

Trees sprinting, the merry children spilling Out of their homes


Questions: 


(i) Who looked out at the young trees? 1

Ans: The poet looked out at young trees.


(ii) Which thought did the speaker put away? 1

Ans: The poet put the thought of her aging and decaying mother, away from her mind. Hard 'corpse' like ashen' face reminded her of her mother's approaching death.


(iii) What do young sprinting trees signify? 1

Ans: The young sprinting trees signify energetic action of the youth.


(iv) What did the speaker see the children doing? 1

Ans: The poet saw the children coming out of their homes and playing.



OR


(b) "It would be an exotic moment without rush, without engines,

we would all be together 

in sudden strangeness"


Questions :


(i) What does "it" refer to?

Ans: The reference of "it" in the given lines is a moment of stillness and quietness.


(ii) To whom is the poet speaking? 1

Ans: The poet is not directly addressing anyone in particular. The lines can be seen as a reflection on the potential beauty of a moment of stillness and silence shared by all people.



(iii)What would be the moment like? 2


Ans: The moment would be a still and quiet one, without rush or engines, where everyone is together in a sudden strangeness. It could help interrupt the sadness of never understanding ourselves and teach us to appreciate the beauty and resilience of nature.


11. Answer any three of the hallwang questions in 30-40 wins 2x3=6


(i) Why was the roadside stand built?

Ans: The roadside stand was built by the poor deprived people who lived far from the city, in order to make a living by selling wild berries, crook-necked golden squash, and other items they could grow or find. They hoped to make some money from the passing traffic, and perhaps improve their lives a little.


(ii) How did the travelers on the highways react to the roadside stand? 

Ans: The travelers on the highway reacted very strangely to the roadside stand. They didn't even stop and bought any goods from the poor people. If any traveler would stop there, it is only for the turn round the car or to ask ahead direction or ask for petrol.


(iii) What does Pablo Neruda wish to achieve by keeping quiet?

Ans: Pablo Neruda wishes to inspire a moment of collective introspection and self-awareness by urging people to pause and be silent. He hopes this will help people gain a deeper understanding of themselves and their relationship with the natural world and inspire greater unity and compassion among all people.


(iv) What kind of images does the poet use to signify her mother's aging decay in the poem My Mother at Sixty Six ?

Ans: The poet uses the image of her mother dozing with an open mouth, her face ashen like that of a corpse, to signify her aging decay. She also describes her mother as wan, pale as a late winter's moon, which suggests her frailty and fading vitality. The contrast with the young trees and merry children emphasizes the difference between her mother's aging body and the vitality of youth. The poet's childhood fear and the ache she feels also suggest the emotional impact of her mother's aging on her.


(v) What, according to Keate, makes human beings love life in spite of troubles and sufferings ?

Ans: In spite of troubles and sufferings, human beings love life because there are some beautiful things that move away the gloom from the depressed minds. The beautiful things in nature like the moon, the sun, the trees, the ferns and the daffodils bring happiness and reduce men's sufferings.


12. Answer any five of the following questions. 1x5=5


(a) What creatures did the writer notice in the Peacock Island ?

Ans: The author noticed monkeys in the  Peacock Island.


(b) What are epiphytes ?

Ans:  An epiphyte is a plant growing on other plants. Epiphytes are known as “air plants” because they are not anchored in the soil. Epiphytes derive nutrients from rainwater, air and from other sources.


(c) What did Gandhi do to improve the health condition of the Champaran villages?

Ans: Gandhi promoted sanitation and hygiene in Champaran villages by encouraging the use of latrines and natural fertilizers. He established a mobile dispensary to provide medical aid and organized teams to distribute medicines and educate villagers. This helped improve the health conditions and reduce diseases in the area.


(d) Which book by Louis Fischer has been received as one of the best books ever written on Gandhi by Times Educational Supplement? 

Ans: The Book named, “The Life of Mahatma Gandhi” by Louis Fisher has been reviewed as one of the best books ever written on Gandhi by times Educational Supplement.



(e) Whom did Saheb observe standing at the fenced gate of the neighboring club?

Ans: Saheb was observing two young men, dressed in white, playing tennis.  


(f) Who is the writer of the story "The Last Lesson".

Ans: Alphonse Daudet.


(g) Which is the only occasion that Sophie gets to see Casey in person?

Ans: Sophie went to see the football match of the United team with her father and her two brothers. This was the only instance where she got a chance to see Danny Casey.

 

(h)Name the sports which Sophie's father had a strong passion?

Ans: Sophie's father had a strong passion for football. 


13. Answer any five in 30-40 words. 2x5=10


(a) Why did Sophie share her feelings with her brother Geoff and not with her father?

Ans: Sophie shared her feelings with her brother Geoff and not with her father because she saw him as a good friend whom she trusted and felt comfortable confiding in. She felt that Geoff would not judge her or let her down, and that he would be a supportive listener. Additionally, she may have felt that Geoff had a more relatable perspective and was more likely to understand her experiences and feelings than her father. Their close relationship and shared interests also made Sophie feel closer to Geoff and more willing to open up to him.


(b) Why, according to the writer, the advice she gave to Saheb seems

hollow ? 

Ans: When Saheb said that he had no other work to do except for scrounging gold in the heaps of clumps, the author advised him to go to school. This advice sounded quit hollow because there was no school in the neighbourhood of Saheb. Moreover, Saheb's economic condition was not that strong that his family could efford him to send to a school.


(c) What explanation does the author offer for the children not wearing footwear? 

Ans: One explanation offered by the author is that it is a tradition to stay barefoot. It is not lack of money. He wonders if this is only an excuse to explain away a perpetual state of poverty. He also remembers the story of a poor boy who prayed to the goddess for a pair of shoes.


(d) What does Rowntree talk about often in Memoirs of a Chota Sahib'?

Ans:Rowntree often talks about the time he spent in Guwahati and its neighbouring areas in the " Memoirs of a Chota Sahib"


(e) How was a solution to the problems of indigo sharecroppers of Champaran found?

Ans: Mahatma Gandhi resolved the problems of the indigo sharecroppers of Champaran through a peaceful resistance movement known as the Champaran Satyagraha. His efforts brought attention to the farmers' plight and eventually led to the British government abolishing the system of forced indigo cultivation and returning the control of the land to the farmers.



(f) Why did M. Hamel write "Viva La France" before dismissing his class? 

Ans: M. Hamel wrote "Vive La France" before dismissing his class in the short story "The Last Lesson" by Alphonse Daudet as a gesture of love, respect, and pride towards his country.


(g) What changes came over Frantz after he heard M. Hamel's announcement?

Ans:


14.Answer any one of the following questions in 80-100 words: 5×1=5 


(a) "Civil disobedience had triumphed, the first time in modern India Show, referring to the prose-piece 'Indigo', how this had happened?

Ans: The prose-piece 'Indigo' by Satyajit Ray describes the story of a group of Indian peasants who rebel against the oppressive Indigo planters during the colonial period in India. The peasants, led by a courageous and determined leader named Madhusudan, refuse to grow Indigo on their lands and stand up against the planters who try to force them to do so.


Through their collective action and resistance, the peasants are able to successfully challenge the authority of the planters and assert their own rights as farmers. They unite in solidarity and refuse to be exploited, ultimately leading to the triumph of civil disobedience against the oppressive colonial system.


This was the first time in modern India that civil disobedience had triumphed, as the peasants were able to resist and challenge the power structures of the colonial system through their collective action and refusal to be oppressed. Satyajit Ray's 'Indigo' thus serves as a powerful reminder of the importance of resistance and solidarity in the face of oppression and injustice.

 

(b) Describe the author's experience with bats in the Rajapara forest bungalow as depicted in Memoirs of a Chota Sahib.

Ans: The Rajapara forest bungalow was equally delightful and charming like the one at Kulsi which served the needs of the author Rowntree but bats lived in the roof of that bungalow for which he had bad experience. The Presence of the bats was constantly reminded by the droppings and their musty smell always remained with them.Moreover, there were less smelly but huge fruit- eating bats with a wing span of five feet which lived in atree outside the bungalow. They would come out from the tree in search of food at dusk which appeared to Rowntree like a strange host of ghostly shapes gliding through the air on silent wings.



15.Answer any one of the following questions in 125-150 words:  7x1=7


(a) What are the different ways in which Mr. Lamb tries to change Derry's attitude to life?

Ans: Mr Lamb tries to change Derry's attitude to life by reminding him that he can't lock himself up in a room forever because of his deformity. He even narrates him a story about a man who locked himself up to avoid being hurt and killed but finally got killed by a picture that fell off the wall on his head. Mr Lamb motivates Derry by making him know about the goodness in him or the advantages that he enjoys. He informs Derry that he has got two legs, arms, eyes, ears, tongue and brain with which he can get what he wants.


Mr Lamb does not sympathize with Derry. In fact he ignores the subject when Derry refers to his burnt face and tells him to stop crying about his face. Derry indulges himself in self-pity which is alienated from him by the positive teachings of Mr Lamb.


Mr Lamb teaches Derry how to look at life, people and things inspite of physical impairment. He makes Derry reflect deeply into his life with the self respect and confidence so that he can join the mainstream of life.



(b) Describe the ironical ending of the story, "The Tiger King". 

Ans: The ironical ending of "The Tiger King" is that the Maharaja, who had set out to prove the astrologer's prophecy wrong, ultimately becomes a victim of the same prophecy. In his desperate search for the elusive hundredth tiger, he orders his army to bring a tiger from another kingdom and release it in his hunting grounds.


However, this tiger turns out to be a pet tiger that had been reared in captivity and was not accustomed to living in the wild. As a result, it becomes an easy target for the Maharaja and he kills it without much effort. But soon after, the Maharaja collapses and dies due to a sudden heart attack, caused by the shock of realizing that the tiger he had just killed was not the hundredth tiger he had been searching for.


This is ironic because despite all his efforts to avoid the prophecy, the Maharaja ends up fulfilling it in the most unexpected way. The tiger he kills turns out to be harmless and not the one he was fated to be killed by, and yet it becomes the cause of his downfall. The story thus highlights the futility of trying to defy fate and the irony of how things can turn out in unexpected ways.


(c) There are moments in life when we have to make hard choices between our roles as private individuals and as citizens with a sense of national loyalty. Discuss with reference to the story, "The Enemy".

Ans:  In "The Enemy" by Pearl S. Buck, the main character, Dr. Sadao Hoki, finds himself in a difficult situation when he discovers an American soldier, who he recognizes as the enemy, washed up on the shore near his home in Japan during World War II. As a doctor, Sadao feels a sense of duty to help the wounded man, but as a citizen of Japan, he is torn between his loyalty to his country and his responsibility to his patient.


This dilemma highlights the conflict between personal morality and national loyalty that can arise in times of war or other situations where people may have to choose between their roles as private individuals and as citizens. Sadao's decision to help the American soldier is an example of how personal ethics and compassion can override national loyalty, especially when faced with the suffering of another human being.


At the same time, Sadao is aware that helping the enemy could bring him and his family under suspicion and danger from the authorities. He struggles with the fear of betraying his country and the guilt of leaving the enemy to die. In the end, Sadao decides to help the soldier and keep him hidden, ultimately leading to his escape back to the United States.


The story highlights the moral complexity of difficult choices that people have to make in their lives. It forces the reader to confront the issue of national loyalty and how it can conflict with individual moral values. While patriotism is an essential aspect of citizenship, it should not override basic human compassion and empathy towards others. The story emphasizes the importance of personal responsibility and the need to follow one's conscience when making difficult decisions that impact others.


16. Answer any four of the following questions in 30-40 words: 2×4=8 


(a) Why does the Tiger King get his name?

Ans: When the Tiger King was born astrologers foretold that his death would be caused by a tiger as he was born in the hour of the bull. He made it his life’s mission to kill a hundred tigers. This is how he got the name of Tiger King.


(b) Why did the servants leave Dr. Sadao's house? 

Ans: The servants left the employment of Dr Sadao because they felt that it was wrong on his part to treat the wounded white man and nurse him back to health. According to them, it was treacherous on his part to save the life of the white man. World War II was going on at the time, and the Americans were the enemies of Japanese.


(c) Which trait of Mr. Lamb attracted Derry towards him? 

Ans: Mr. Lamb doesn't let his physical disability destroy the happiness in his life. He is not afraid of Derry's face, unlike others. The quality that attracted Derry most to Mr Lamb was his tremendous patience as he listened to him.


(d) Why did it take Bama to reach home in 30 minutes instead of 10 minutes?

Ans: Bama took 30 minutes instead of 10 minutes to reach home because she watched all the fun and games that were going on. She saw performing monkeys and the snakes' charmer displaying his snakes.


(e) What is the significance of Uruka?

Ans: The day before the Domahi is called Uruka. It is significant for the womenfolk. They get ready for the next day with chira, pitha, laru, curd etc. 


(f) How is the Meiji made?

Ans: Mejis are temple-like structures made of green bamboo, dry banana leaf and straw.



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